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Hydraulic Actuators

A reliable source for Hydraulic Actuators information and leading Hydraulic Actuators Companies & Manufacturers.

The definition of a hydraulic actuator is a device that converts the fluid’s pressure energy into mechanical motion. The hydraulic actuator consists of a cylinder or a fluid motor that uses hydraulic energy to operate mechanically. A rotational, linear, or oscillatory motion is produced as a result of the mechanical motion. Read More…

Hydraulic Actuators Double Acting Hydraulic Cylinders

Hydraulic actuators are motors powered by hydraulic fluid pressure that use force to move or control a system or piece of equipment.

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Leading Manufacturers

Roseville, MI  |  800-526-7968

Peninsular Cylinder Co. designs and manufactures a complete line of pneumatic and hydraulic actuators for industrial automation, including cylinders, powered slides, rotary actuators, multi-motion actuators, grippers, escapements and sensors. Actuators may be used independently or in a modular fashion. Call us today for more information!

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Peninsular Cylinder Co. $$$

Schofield, WI  |  715-359-4241

Since 1959, JARP has produced superior hydraulic cylinders and swivels; satisfying each customer along the way. Our cylinder and swivel manufacturing process includes the highest quality components to assure dependability for higher loads and pressures, up to 5,000 psi. Call JARP today for quick results!

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JARP Industries, Inc. $$$

East Liverpool, OH  |  216-251-0076

Kiefer Tool & Mold Inc began in 1965 with a mindset of providing services and repairs to industrial equipment, press components, and presses. We strive to provide our customers with the best service and quality.

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Kiefer Tool & Mold, Inc. $$$

East Liverpool, OH  |  330-385-1745

Farnsworth Engineering is the only official manufacturer of Marion hydraulic cylinders, M-Line. Farnsworth also builds replacement cylinders for Glenco and Perfection models.Farnsworth Engineering designs custom single-acting, double-acting, and telescopic hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic systems to meet your specific requirements. Custom mounts are also available. Contact us for a quote today!

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Farnsworth Engineering Company $$$

Abingdon, VA  |  276-628-6068

Dedicated to product performance under pressure, General Engineering specializes in custom engineered & manufactured hydraulic cylinders for the most demanding environments, such as mining & construction. Single Stage Hydraulic Cylinders, Multistage Telescopic Cylinders & Replacement Cylinders to exacting ISO standards. Small & large bore repair whether the cylinder is ours or not. Since 1948.

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General Engineering Company $$$
placeholder image Peninsular Cylinder Co. JARP Industries, Inc. Kiefer Tool & Mold, Inc. Farnsworth Engineering Company General Engineering Company

A hydraulic actuator applies a lot of force while compressing liquids, which is almost seldom the case. According to the hydraulic actuator's operating concept, liquid pressure rather than instrument air pressure is used to exert pressure on the diaphragm, which subsequently moves the valve actuator and the position valve's stem. Almost all varieties of hydraulic actuators convert liquid pressure into mechanical power using a piston rather than a diaphragm.

hydraulic Actuator

Types of Hydraulic Actuators

Based on the method of actuation, hydraulic actuators can be divided into three categories: linear actuators, rotary actuators, and semi-rotary actuators.

Linear Actuators: For linear actuation, a linear actuator is employed. These hydraulic actuators, also known as hydraulic cylinders, provide the force or motion in a straight line.

Linear Actuators

Rotary actuator: These hydraulic actuators are known as hydraulic motors because they produce torque or rotational motion. These actuators can achieve constant angular movement.

Rotary Actuators

The partial angle of actuation is accomplished using the semi-rotary actuator. Although 360 degrees or less is more common, semi-rotary actuators are capable of partial angular movements that can be many complete revolutions.

Working Principle of Hydraulic Actuators

This system primarily relies on Pascal's Law, which asserts that when pressure is applied to a finite fluid inside a container at a specific place, the pressure will transfer uniformly and without loss through all of the liquid's channels and the container's walls.

The output force due to an applied force will be as follows if pressure (P) is applied to an area (A):

F = P * A

When a specified force, such as "F," is used to create pressure, such as "P," in a restricted fluid, the force that is generated on a larger area may be somewhat greater than the force created by the pressure. This technology produces incredibly strong forces by applying pressure to a specific point. Therefore, many hydraulic systems make use of this principle.

A main cylinder, also known as a power cylinder, and a spool valve, sometimes known as a pilot valve, are the essential parts of a hydraulic actuator. This hydraulic actuator can be operated in the same way. The piston moves translationally when there is a difference in pressure between the two regions of the main cylinder. By dividing the main cylinder through the main piston, two regions and two chambers were acquired for the main cylinder. The spool valve in the cylinder allows the rate of fluid delivery within the cylinder to be adjusted.

This valve has four ports, each of which can be linked to a different system component. While the other two ports are connected independently to the two chambers inside the main cylinder, the first two distinct ports are connected to the drain area and fluid supply, respectively. The spool valve is initially located at the neutral position; therefore, there is no fluid flow inside the main cylinder. The fluid flows in the hydraulic actuator, which causes the load to shift as a result. Therefore, the output displacement will be zero when the input displacement is "0." The fluid passes from the high-pressure source to the left side chamber in the main cylinder when the input displacement forces the spool valve to turn in the right direction. As a result, the left chamber of the cylinder experiences more force than the right chamber, which allows for the generation of an accelerating force that moves the load. In this instance, the load advances in the direction of the fluid's flow. The force needed to move the valve is much smaller than the force needed to move the load, acting as power amplification. As a result, hydraulic actuators will function in this manner.

Advantages of a Hydraulic Actuator

  • Simple design
  • Inexpensive
  • Dependable construction
  • High levels of force
  • Protection against overloads for the engine
  • Functions at 4,000 psi
  • Maintains stable pressure and torque

Disadvantages Of a Hydraulic Actuator

  • Inflexibility
  • High level of upkeep
  • Able to feel temperature
  • Akills to partially control motion
  • Require a number of complementing components to reduce noise, including a liquid reservoir, pump, motor, heat exchangers, and release valves
  • Loss of fluids can result in decreased effectiveness and hygienic issues, which may cause harm to nearby objects and structures

Applications of Hydraulic Actuators

  • Applications dependent on high forces
  • Automatic jacks
  • Extremely accurate placement for large weights
  • Controlling the speed of the oh close-loop
  • Hydrostatic ram
  • Applications requiring a sensing function
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