Hydraulic Pistons

A reliable source for Hydraulic Cylinder information and leading Hydraulic Cylinder Companies & Manufacturers.

When compressed hydraulic fluid engages a piston face and attached rod, it generates linear force and motion greatly surpassing the initial input force. Pumps and cylinders of this nature create tens of tons of work force from even small hydraulic cylinders. For this reason, these hydraulic devices and the pistons essential to their operation are vital to productivity in a number of industries. Read More…

Hydraulic Pistons Hydraulic pistons are short, cylinder shaped discs housed within cylinder barrels in order to compartmentalize the enclosed space. Hydraulic cylinders are divided into two separate chambers where hydraulic fluid of varying pressurization can be contained. The division provided by the piston is essential to the conversion of hydraulic energy into useful mechanical energy.

Leading Manufacturers

Strongsville, OH  |  440-238-7343

Our company name is not a misnomer-we have been manufacturing cylinders and valves since 1958. We manufacture air and hydraulic cylinders plus their associated valves and replacement parts. Anodized aluminum, brass and stainless steel are the materials in our products. Bore sizes of 3/8"- 4". Our standard systems are non-corrosive with a wide range of mounting design choices.

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Cylinders & Valves, Inc. $$$

Franklin, NC  |  800-553-2531

Dometrics is a custom hydraulic cylinders manufacturer of custom hydraulic cylinders, special hydraulic cylinders, high pressure hydraulic cylinders and standard hydraulic cylinders. Dometrics serves industries including paper, pulp, pharmaceutical, steel, transport and more.

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Dometrics, Inc. $$$

Newark, NJ  |  800-633-8234

We take pride in saying that we are a family owned business. Our company has over 70 years of manufacturing experience. We will provide all of your needs and you can count on us to get the job done correctly. All of products are implemented with the best innovations. These top of the line units are engineered for ultimate satisfaction. Give us a call if you would like to learn more about our superb products.

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Metro Hydraulic Jack Co. $$$

York, PA  |  717-757-1068

For over thirty years, Advanced Fluid Systems has been manufacturing custom hydraulic cylinders, pneumatic, lubrication, filtration and motion control systems. OEM trained & certified repairs and installation services. Our sales engineers are supported by in-house engineering and highly knowledgeable customer service departments. Contact us today for more information!

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Advanced Fluid Systems, Inc. $$$

Evansville, IN  |  800-624-4862

Perfection Hydraulics manufactures, distributes, and services hydraulic cylinders, hydraulic pumps, hydraulic valves, hydraulic gear pumps, and other hydraulic components for heavy equipment. Our products provide you with the best value available for today’s dynamic industry. With our reputation for quality and reliability, you can rely on us for your heavy duty hydraulics needs.

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Perfection Hydraulics, Inc. $$$
placeholder image Cylinders & Valves, Inc. Dometrics, Inc. Metro Hydraulic Jack Co. Advanced Fluid Systems, Inc. Perfection Hydraulics, Inc.

Hydraulic pistons are common in agriculture, construction, military, machining, automotive, oil and gas, aerospace and robotics industries among others. In these applications the hydraulic pistons are designed to lift, turn, tilt, press, steer, pull and push heavy machine components and any attached loads. While the pistons and attached rods offer only linear motion, fittings attached to the exposed end of the rod allow for angular motion as well. With this heightened applicability, these mechanisms are found in such varied equipment as elevators, excavators, robotic arms, power steering, brakes, jacks and more.

Hydraulic pistons are composed of three main parts. The body, or face of the piston, is the cylindrical disc that fits precisely in the cross section of the cylinder barrel. Attached to the piston is the piston rod. This is the element that is housed partially within the barrel, but extends beyond the cylinder where the opposite end is attached to the machine components and work loads to be set into motion. The third and final component is the seal. There are actually several seals around both the piston face and rod.

The outer circumference of the piston is often machined with grooves where elastomeric or metal seals are placed. Seals, made of graphite, nitrile rubber, viton and other high temperature polymers, are also found around the cylinder head where the rod moves in and out of the barrel. These seals ensure that pressurized hydraulic fluids will not leak into, out of or from one compartment to another as this would cause a loss of pressure resulting in decreased functionality and productivity.

To further protect against leaks, all components of the hydraulic piston must be compatible with the specific fluid in use. Mineral, oil, ether or water composites are the most common solutions. Durable metals are often used to create the piston face and rod which must also withstand the wear of continued use and the friction inherent in movement.

Bronze, brass, steel, stainless steel, iron and nickel alloys are common materials. The cold-rolled rods are often chrome-plated for further protection before being attached to the piston body via threading or welding. Durable ceramics such as silicon carbide and alumina are sometimes used as well.