Hydraulic Pistons

A reliable source for Hydraulic Cylinder information and leading Hydraulic Cylinder Companies & Manufacturers.

When compressed hydraulic fluid engages a piston face and attached rod, it generates linear force and motion greatly surpassing the initial input force. Pumps and cylinders of this nature create tens of tons of work force from even small hydraulic cylinders. For this reason, these hydraulic devices and the pistons essential to their operation are vital to productivity in a number of industries. Read Moreā€¦

Hydraulic Pistons Hydraulic pistons are short, cylinder shaped discs housed within cylinder barrels in order to compartmentalize the enclosed space. Hydraulic cylinders are divided into two separate chambers where hydraulic fluid of varying pressurization can be contained. The division provided by the piston is essential to the conversion of hydraulic energy into useful mechanical energy.

Leading Manufacturers

Strongsville, OH  |  440-238-7343

Our company name is not a misnomer-we have been manufacturing cylinders and valves since 1958. We manufacture air and hydraulic cylinders plus their associated valves and replacement parts.

Request A Quote

Cylinders & Valves, Inc. $$$

Northboro, MA  |  508-393-7660

As a leading independent industrial distributor, The Hope Group is proud to be affiliated with Parker Hannifin as a full-line distributor. The Parker products carried by The Hope Group include hydraulics (including marine, mobile and industrial), pneumatics (including automation), fluid connectors, fluid controls, instrumentation, o-rings, gaskets and seals.

Request A Quote

The Hope Group $$$

Newark, NJ  |  800-633-8234

We take pride in saying that we are a family owned business. Our company has over 70 years of manufacturing experience. We will provide all of your needs and you can count on us to get the job done correctly.

Request A Quote

Metro Hydraulic Jack Co. $$$

Addison, TX  |  800-580-1212

Wilson Company is a service-oriented distributor of a wide variety of pneumatic and hydraulic products, including hydraulic cylinders. We provide hydraulic cylinder products from Parker Hannifin, Enerpac, and others. We also distribute clamps, couplings, adapters, filters, valves, pumps, fittings and hose.

Request A Quote

Wilson Company $$$

Rancho Cucamonga, CA  |  888-265-7812

Zinko Hydraulic Jack is a leading manufacturer of high-quality hydraulic products. Some of our products include hydraulic cylinders, pneumatic cylinders, hydraulic pumps and other hydraulic components. Call us today for more information on our quality hydraulic products.

Request A Quote

Zinko Hydraulic Jack $$$
placeholder image Cylinders & Valves, Inc. The Hope Group Metro Hydraulic Jack Co. Wilson Company Zinko Hydraulic Jack

Hydraulic pistons are common in agriculture, construction, military, machining, automotive, oil and gas, aerospace and robotics industries among others. In these applications the hydraulic pistons are designed to lift, turn, tilt, press, steer, pull and push heavy machine components and any attached loads. While the pistons and attached rods offer only linear motion, fittings attached to the exposed end of the rod allow for angular motion as well. With this heightened applicability, these mechanisms are found in such varied equipment as elevators, excavators, robotic arms, power steering, brakes, jacks and more.

Hydraulic pistons are composed of three main parts. The body, or face of the piston, is the cylindrical disc that fits precisely in the cross section of the cylinder barrel. Attached to the piston is the piston rod. This is the element that is housed partially within the barrel, but extends beyond the cylinder where the opposite end is attached to the machine components and work loads to be set into motion. The third and final component is the seal. There are actually several seals around both the piston face and rod.

The outer circumference of the piston is often machined with grooves where elastomeric or metal seals are placed. Seals, made of graphite, nitrile rubber, viton and other high temperature polymers, are also found around the cylinder head where the rod moves in and out of the barrel. These seals ensure that pressurized hydraulic fluids will not leak into, out of or from one compartment to another as this would cause a loss of pressure resulting in decreased functionality and productivity.

To further protect against leaks, all components of the hydraulic piston must be compatible with the specific fluid in use. Mineral, oil, ether or water composites are the most common solutions. Durable metals are often used to create the piston face and rod which must also withstand the wear of continued use and the friction inherent in movement.

Bronze, brass, steel, stainless steel, iron and nickel alloys are common materials. The cold-rolled rods are often chrome-plated for further protection before being attached to the piston body via threading or welding. Durable ceramics such as silicon carbide and alumina are sometimes used as well.